Hepatitis is a fairly common disorder of the liver. Hepatitis means injury and inflammation of the liver cells. Types of Viral Hepatitis: There are several kinds viral hepatitis discovered, of which, the common ones are mentioned and described as under :
Hepatitis A : is transferred by the means of infected food and water.
Hepatitis B : The hepatitis B virus is spread by the means of contact with infected blood, semen and other body fluids. This infection can be acquired by unprotected intercourse with an affected partner, use of HBV (hepatitis B virus) infected syringes, sharing toothbrush, piercings and razor of an HBV infected person, transfusion of HBV infected blood, etc. It can also be transferred to a baby from an infected mother through breast feeding.
Hepatitis C : The means of transfer of the disease is same as those mentioned of the previous kind of hepatitis, except that the feces is not a route of spread of hepatitis C.
Hepatitis D : There is a rule that only a person infected with Hepatitis B can become infected with Hepatitis D. Infection spreads through contact with hepatitis D infected blood, unprotected sex with the infected person and via infected needles.
Symptoms of Hepatitis :
The symptoms of hepatitis are variable, some of which are mentioned as under, classified according to acute phase and long phase hepatitis.
Acute phase hepatitis symptoms :
This is the initial phase of hepatitis. It includes the following symptoms :
- Flu-like illness
- Easy fatigue
- Loss of weight
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal pain
- Muscle and Joint pain
- Nausea and Vomiting
As the disease progresses, the condition of the patient worsens and following symptoms may be noticed :
- Problems with blood circulation (only in drug induced hepatitis)
- Dark colored urine
- Enlarged spleen
- Itchy skin
- Yellowing of skin, eyes and nails
- Light colored feces, which may also contain pus
Treatments for Hepatitis
Following are mentioned the treatments for hepatitis, in accordance to their types :
Hepatitis A :
There is no specific treatment for Hepatitis A. However, the doctor shall advise you to abstain from meat, oil, alcohol, etc. This type of hepatitis resolves itself within days.
Hepatitis B :
Hepatitis B patients need bed rest. They also need a diet that comprises proteins and carbohydrates, which the liver requires for the repair of damaged cells. The doctor may also advise Interferon, which is an anti-viral agent, according to the patient’s condition.
Hepatitis C :
Such patients are usually prescribed with anti-viral drugs such as pegylated interferon and ribavirin.
Hepatitis D :
There is no specific treatment present as yet.
- NASH stands for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. It describes the condition of a fatty liver which is inflamed. The incidence of NASH is more in people who are overweight or obese.
- This disease of the liver may not necessarily present with signs and symptoms, and the patient may feel normal.
- However, NASH may lead to a condition of liver known as ‘cirrhosis’, which is the advanced stage of the disease in which, the liver gets hardened and quite damaged.
- Fatigue may present as a symptom at any stage of the disease
- When NASH advances, weight loss and weakness may occur. Weight loss is also a symptom of cirrhosis.
- One may suspect NASH if blood tests of the patient reveal high levels of liver enzymes, and also if the scans show fatty deposition in liver.
- Further diagnosis and examination of NASH requires biopsy, which can be performed by obtaining a piece of liver tissue.
- NASH patients must work upon reduction of weight, should avoid alcohol, increase physical activity, and keep away from unnecessary drug intake.
Fatty liver is one of the most common people are suffering from. Many a time it is innocuous but some times leads to severe problem like Liver cirrhosis. Common in Diabetics, People who are over weight and obese also common in Diabetics.
Can be controlled with life style modifications
What is this Fatty liver?
It is a very common liver condition where people present to Gastroenterologists with Ultrasound report of fatty liver it means excessive fat in your liver.
Why do we get fatty liver?
- Over weight and obesity is the very common cause.
- Diabetes is one common factor for fatty liver.
- Thyroid problems.
How does this Present?
Mainly people come after their ultrasound.
Some times with pain in upper part of abdomen below rib cage, Weakness body aches sometimes people present when they have gastric.
How do we treat?
Investigations like :
- Ultrasound for liver
- LFT Liver function test.
- Heptitis B.
- Heptaitis C.
- Blood sugar.
- Cholesterol that is Lipid profile.
- Thyroid tests.
- Sometimes liver Biopsy.
How do we treat?
- If Diabetes we control the Diabetes.
- Healthy life styles.
- Like exercise and walking control in diet.
- Thyroids will be treated if positive.
- High cholesterol to be treated if you have high cholesterol.
Why Fatty liver is dangerous?
Fatty liver over the time leads to liver damage and liver cirrhosis which ends up with liver transplantation. Better late than sorry have good health life style.
If left untreated, the inflamed liver will start to scar. As excess scar tissue grows, it replaces healthy liver tissue. This process is called fibrosis. (Scar tissue is a kind of fibrous tissue.)
Scar tissue cannot do the work that healthy liver tissue can. Moreover, scar tissue can keep blood from flowing through your liver. As more scar tissue builds up, your liver may not work as well as it once did. Or, the healthy part of your liver has to work harder to make up for the scarred part.
If your liver disease is diagnosed and treated successfully at this stage, there’s still a chance that your liver can heal itself over time.
Cancer that starts in the liver is called primary liver cancer. Cirrhosis and hepatitis B are leading risk factors for primary liver cancer. But cancer can develop in the liver at any stage in the progression of liver disease.
Liver cancer is the growth and spread of unhealthy cells in the liver. Cancer that starts in the liver is called primary liver cancer. Cancer that spreads to the liver from another organ is called metastatic liver cancer. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of primary liver cancer
Liver failure means that your liver is losing or has lost all of its function. It is a life-threatening condition that demands urgent medical care.
The first symptoms of liver failure are often nausea, loss of appetite, fatigue, and diarrhea. Because these symptoms can have any number of causes, it may be hard to tell that the liver is failing.
But as liver failure progresses, the symptoms become more serious. The patient may become confused and disoriented, and extremely sleepy. There is a risk of coma and death. Immediate treatment is needed. The medical team will try to save whatever part of the liver that still works. If this is not possible, the only option may be a liver transplant.
Liver failure is a life-threatening condition that demands urgent medical care.
When liver failure occurs as a result of cirrhosis, it usually means that the liver has been failing gradually for some time, possibly for years. This is called chronic liver failure or End-stage Liver Disease (ESLD).
Chronic liver failure can also be caused by malnutrition. More rarely, liver failure can occur suddenly, in as little as 48 hours. This is called acute liver failure and is usually a reaction to poisoning or a medication overdose.
Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease in which the body’s own immune system attacks the liver and causes it to become inflamed. The disease is chronic, meaning it lasts many years. If untreated, it can lead to cirrhosis and liver failure.
There are two forms of this disease. Type 1, or classic, autoimmune hepatitis is the more common form. This is the form that mostly affects young women and is often associated with other autoimmune diseases. Type 2 autoimmune hepatitis is less common and generally affects girls between the ages of 2 and 14.