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Gastroenterology is the study of normal function and diseases of the digestive tract (GI tract) that is food pipe (oesophagus), stomach, small intestine, large intestine including rectum and anal canal, and pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts and liver.
A Medical Gastroenterologist is a doctor who specialises in the diagnosis, treatment and management of conditions affecting the gastrointestinal tract.
Gastroenterologists specialise in providing a complete, accurate and thorough care for patients with gastrointestinal conditions with a high-quality and comprehensive approach which distinguishes them from other physicians.
A GI Surgeon is a surgical professional who specialises in surgery on the GI tract especially complex or recurrent surgeries and Laparoscopic surgeries.
Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms include mild symptoms such as pain in abdomen, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, indigestion/dyspepsia, bloating or constipation, diarrhoea (loose stools), as well as abdominal pain or severe symptoms like acute pain in abdomen, difficulty or inability to swallow, Jaundice, blood vomiting or passage of blood in stools, post-surgical complications etc.
If you are experiencing any digestive symptoms (listed above) for the first time, firstly get an appointment with your family physician/primary care physician. If your doctor decides that your symptoms need the attention of a specialist, you should then contact a gastroenterologist.
Also, people who are diagnosed with a long-standing digestive condition and experience a recurrence or a flare-up of an existing condition should contact the gastroenterologist
A Gastroenterologist performs a number of investigations to diagnose digestive tract abnormalities. The most common tests are Endoscopy, Colonoscopy, Abdominal Ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, Manometry and Breath Test, along with specific blood test such as liver function test etc.
Minimally Invasive Surgery is a surgical procedure performed through tiny incisions instead of one large opening as done in a traditional open surgery.
Laparoscopy is a type of minimally invasive surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to access the inside of the abdomen and pelvis or thorax through tiny openings, without having to make large incisions in the skin.
Laparoscopy is used to diagnose a wide range of GI conditions when conventional investigations are inconclusive. It is also used to carry out most of the surgical procedures, such as removing a damaged or diseased organ or removing a tissue sample for further testing.
Bariatric surgical procedure causes weight loss by restricting the amount of food the stomach can hold, causing malabsorption of nutrients, or by a combination of both gastric restriction and malabsorption.
GI emergencies are the critical, potentially life-threatening medical emergencies that require rapid identification and early management.
Endoscopy is a minimally invasive nonsurgical procedure used to examine a person’s digestive tract. The endoscope is a flexible tube with a light and camera attached to it, using which the doctor is able to view the pictures of the digestive tract on a colour TV monitor.
Endoscopy is normally a part of the comprehensive evaluation of digestive system. It is commonly used to evaluate the status of a digestive disorder.
Dr. Ram Pratap Singh is a reputed Consultant Gastroenterologist in Lucknow with vast experience in the field of digestive diseases and advanced therapeutic endoscopy.
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